Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Organ
According to the New York Chapter of the American Guild of Organists, George Jardine & Son of New York City built the original organ in 1855 for Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church. When the present church was built in 1873-75, Jardine was asked to move and rebuild the organ. “In 1893, a new organ of 3 manuals and 44 stops was built by John Odell of New York City. Both the Jardine and Odell organs were powered by a hydraulic motor—a steam engine pumped water to a tank above the tower's E. Howard & Co. clock, then the water flowed by gravity to a basement cistern, operating the feeders of the bellows. A gradual conversion to electric power followed. In 1913, Ernest M. Skinner of Boston was awarded the contract to build his Opus 206, a new four-manual and pedal organ for the Sanctuary.” Skinner also carved the magnificent case, which strongly resembles the organ in St. Bartholomew's. The organ was altered in 1945 and again in 1955. In 1961, Austin Organs, Inc. of Hartford, Conn. installed an entirely new organ that was later altered.
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